The nine seowon represents a type of Neo-Confucian academies
of the Joseon Dynasty, established by the local literati class of
sarim from the mid-16thto mid-17th century.
The property is an outstanding testimony to culture tradition
of Korean society firmly based on Neo-Confucianism
as a fundamental foundation of education.
The property exhibits the localization of seowon as a type of
Neo-Confucian academies of East Asia.

Neo-Confucianism was introduced to Korea in the 13th century
to become uniquely adapted to Korean culture. It has made
significant impacts on a wide range of aspects,
from politics to economy, society and culture, and served as an
absolute standard to interpret the world view, which was towards
human, society, nation, nature and cosmology.


The philosophy became prevalent in the 16thcentury.
The local literati called sarim formed their own Neo-Confucian scholastic genealogy to make progress on deepening of the study,
especially veneration ritual and cultivation of future generation of sarim, firmly based on private institutes of seowon.